Cut out the required hollow on the stencil film, and then use the pattern stencil brush to brush the color on the hollow, and then print it through the printing paper,  which is an advanced way of stenci printing. (figure 1)


Origin of the name "Pochoir printing"

"Capa" means raincoat in Japanese.

Please use Hansen  development-type stenci film

Traditional printing paper is mostly used or cotton, rice paper, etc. with good water absorption.



 Step1. Prepare tools

Stencil paper, printing paper, tracing paper, carbon paper;  knife or pen knife, triangle plate, iron ruler, white glue, paper tape, cutting mat;

Stencil brush, watercolor or pressed powder watercolor, color palette, water container, rag...


Step2. Composition, draft and tracing

1. Make a sketch of the same size as the printed work, and use colored pencils for the color separation plan.
2. Making  L-shaped Registration board:



 Cut a piece of cardboard  and divide it into two sections

In the lower left corner of the layout, paste it into an L-shaped registration area,

The alignment angle is strictly required to be 90 degrees. When pasting to the cardboard, please use a right-angled triangular plate for positioning.

(image 3)


Step3. Cut-type dyed paper, printing paper

1. The pattern is centered, and the size of the outer margin  is determined by the creator's preference. Cut-out stencil film. After cutting, check the Registration board to see if it is accurate. The bottom and left sides must be completely close to the registration board, and a mark should be placed on the bottom left of the stencil film.
2. The size of printing paper is approximately the same as that of stencil film. (Figure 4)

Step4.Stencil Printing plate making and printing

1. Place the printing paper on the registration board, center the draft paper and fix it with paper tape on the right side of the draft paper. (Figure 5)

2. Fix the right side of the tracing paper to the draft paper, and transfer the final draft to the tracing paper. (This is a stencil for direct printing, and the tracing paper  does not need to be reversed left and right.) (Picture 6)

3. Place the  stencil film under the tracing paper and align it with the registration board, cover it with the carbon paper, and then cover the tracing paper, and use a pen to overwrite the artwork on the stencil film. (Picture 7)

4. Place a cutting mat under the stencil film, and cut out the hollow area with a pen knife. The penknife is inclined about 45 degrees, and when we cutting is turned  the plate without turning the knife. Try not to exceed the point where the two swords meet, the more accurate the better! (Picture 8)

5. Print the first edition 

a. First take the test printing paper and place it in position, cover the stencil film, and try printing the first plate, and observe whether the engraving condition is accurate?

b. Use a watercolor pen to color mixing and then use a  stencil brush to stain. The staining must be completely uniform, and a rag can be used to absorb excess water. The stencil printing uses very little water, and relies on multiple brushes to achieve  cleanliness. The direction of movement of the brush should be right, left or 45 degrees back and forth lightly, not rotating.

(Picture 9)


6. Make the second version stencil film

Before copying the second edition, the image of the previous edition was printed on this  edition of stencil film before copying. In this way, the registration  of the image can be clearly corrected and distinguished, and whitening can be added. It is better to partially overlap with the last color area.

After "carving" the second edition, take the test paper and try to print the second edition firstly, and observe whether the hollow area is accurate? Then take the  paper with the first edition color printed and print the second edition color to check the color overlap. In this way, for every additional plate, one more test paper is required! (Figure 10)


7.Make the third edition stencil film

Before copying the third edition of stencil film, superimpose the images of the first and second edition of stencil film on the third sheet at the same time. At this time, the images of the first and second sheets become the reference for copying of the third sheet!

Repeat the production process: copy → engraving → single-sheet trial printing → engraving → registertion trial printing → registertion (Figure 11)


8. According to this, copying, engraving, trial printing, registering, copying, engraving, trial printing, alignment ... until the image and color are completed! This is the essence of color stencil printing can be very accurate! (Picture 12)

All the layouts have been trial printed, and then the tracing paper can be torn off. Enter the official printing.


9. All the layouts have been trial printed, and then the tracing paper can be torn off. Enter the formal printing.

10.Formal printing is usually one-color by one-color printing. For example, if you want to print 10 sheets, take the first sheet and print 10 sheets at a time, then change to the second sheet, and also superimpose the second color on the first 10 sheets, and then change the first sheet. Three editions, and so on until the entire set of works is printed! (Picture 13)


STEP5.Features of stencil Printing.

1. The stencil Printing mainly focuses on the performance of "block"! Can brush a lot of color aria and accurate printing.

2. It is recommended to use translucent, high color saturatione.

3. It is good perfomance for Color gradient  .

4. The plate can be repeatedly printed and not easily damaged.